Category: Navy

MCDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II of US Navy Strike Fighter…

MCDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II of US Navy Strike Fighter Squadron (VF) 161 off the USS Midway, circa 1972.

Patrol Air Cushion Vehicle (PACV), circa 1968.

Patrol Air Cushion Vehicle (PACV), circa 1968.

Easter OffensiveDates: 30 March 1972 – October 1972Area of…


Easter Offensive map, 1972


“Only a few Americans remained in South Vietnam when the NVA invaded in 1972. Here, Captain John Ripley advises his Vietnamese Marine counterpart during operations near Dong Ha.”


“North Vietnamese Type 59 tank captured by South Vietnamese 20th Tank Regiment south of Dong Ha.”


“PAVN 130 mm artillery battery goes into action on the Kon Tum front.”

Easter Offensive

Dates: 30 March 1972 – October 1972

Area of Operation: I Corps provinces; Binh Long Province; Central Highlands

Allied Units: South Vietnamese military (ARVN, VNN, VNMC, VNAF), USAF, USN

Allied Casualties: ARVN 10000 KIA, 33000 WIA, 3500 MIA

Enemy Units: 14 NVA divisions

Enemy Casualties: Estimated up to 100,000 killed

Objective: To deal a decisive blow against South Vietnam with a three pronged attack. To force the US to peace negotiations that would result in favorable terms for North Vietnam.

Significance/Notes:

  • North Vietnamese troops used conventional warfare tactics on a level not previously seen in their fight to conquer South Vietnam. This included the use of T-54 tanks and other advanced weaponry from the Soviet Union and China. Large quantities of these tanks and the large-caliber artillery would be destroyed or captured.
  • Leaders in North Vietnam believed that the anti-war sentiment in the US would prevent Pres. Nixon from sending more American troops back into Vietnam. Ultimately they hoped it would force Nixon to negotiate peace with terms favorable to the DRV.
  • Nixon did retaliate militarily through the commencement of Operation Linebacker I, bombing North Vietnam, and also ordered the mining of Haiphong Harbor.
  • Due to the withdrawal of American forces, most units the NVA faced were ARVN units. Though ARVN units in the northern provinces were overrun, they held elsewhere with the aid of American airpower and military advisers.
  • Held more territory in South Vietnam than at any previous point. Though the blow had not been as devastating as intended and ARVN units held in many areas, the North Vietnamese leadership still considered the offensive to be successful and believed they now had a stronger position at the bargaining table.

Sources:

Further Reading:

Surgery being performed by members of the 1st Medical Bn, 1st…

Surgery being performed by members of the 1st Medical Bn, 1st Marine Div, circa 1965.

USS Crockett

USS Crockett

USS Marathon

USS Marathon

todaysdocument: “Twentieth Century ‘Angel of Mercy’ – D. R….

todaysdocument:

“Twentieth Century ‘Angel of Mercy’ – D. R. Howe (Glencoe, MN) treats the wounds of Private First Class D. A. Crum (New Brighton, PA), “H” Company, 2nd Battalion, Fifth Marine Regiment, during Operation Hue City.” 2/6/1968

Series: General Photograph File of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1927 – 1981
Record Group 127: Records of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1775 –

The Battle of Hue occurred during the larger Tet Offensive, a series of coordinated surprise attacks by the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army against targets in South Vietnam which began on January 30, 1968 during the Vietnamese New Year holiday.  Although their advances were ultimately turned back, the campaign helped to diminish support for the war in the U.S.

Another view of this scene in black and white:

118 – Combat – Operation Hue City – February 6, 1968


Now open at the National Archives Museum:
Remembering Vietnam: Twelve Critical Episodes in the Vietnam War

Explore 12 critical episodes in the Vietnam War through National Archives records which trace the policies and decisions made by the architects of the conflict and help untangle why the United States became involved in Vietnam, why it went on so long, and why it was so divisive for American society.

Find more records, information, and resources on the Vietnam War from the @usnatarchives at the Vietnam War Research Portal.

US Marine Corps photograph of a Hannukah ceremony, 1966. The…

US Marine Corps photograph of a Hannukah ceremony, 1966. The card reads:

Marine Aircraft Wing (MAW).
Photographer. Lance Corporal (LCpl.) Bill Jackson.
HANNUKAH CANDLES–Chaplain David B. Saltzman lights Hanukkah candles at the Hanukkah celebrations held at HILL-327 USO. Looking on are Seabee Stuart C. Simmons, 23, of Sherman Oaks, California, and Private First Class (Pfc.) Les Kushner, 20, of Great Neck, New York.

US Navy PACV (Patrol Air Cushion Vehicle) on the water near Dong…

US Navy PACV (Patrol Air Cushion Vehicle) on the water near Dong Tam, date unknown.

US Navy Bell UH-1 Huey landing on USS Garrett County. The Huey…

US Navy Bell UH-1 Huey landing on USS Garrett County. The Huey is a Seawolf of Helicopter Attack (Light) Squadron 3. Date unknown.