Category: ARVN

Australian soldier with ARVN soldiers, 1971.

Australian soldier with ARVN soldiers, 1971.

hogramme-zupfth:Photo of what appears to be AVRN troops depart a…

hogramme-zupfth:

Photo of what appears to be AVRN troops depart a U.S. Chinook helicopter (Vietnam War)

USMC photograph of ARVN Airborne troops, with a Boeing Vertol CH-46 Sea Knight helicopter in the background, 1966.

Original caption:

The Charge–Army of Republic of Vietnam Airborne troops charge for cover after being lifted into battle by a CH-46A Sea Knight Helicopter from Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron (HMM)-265. The action took place during Operation Hastings.

[Source]

Marine of the 3rd Tank Battalion, 3rd Marine Division with an…

Marine of the 3rd Tank Battalion, 3rd Marine Division with an ARVN soldier. The Marine has an M3 grease gun over his shoulder. Another Marine in the background has an M14. Circa 1966-1967.

“SSG Willy Reichelt gives the word to move to crew members of…

“SSG Willy Reichelt gives the word to move to crew members of his M113 APC after picking up the ARVN troops who will accompany them. 1970.” [Official US Army photo. ID SC655904]

ARVN soldiers, circa 1966

ARVN soldiers, circa 1966

Easter OffensiveDates: 30 March 1972 – October 1972Area of…


Easter Offensive map, 1972


“Only a few Americans remained in South Vietnam when the NVA invaded in 1972. Here, Captain John Ripley advises his Vietnamese Marine counterpart during operations near Dong Ha.”


“North Vietnamese Type 59 tank captured by South Vietnamese 20th Tank Regiment south of Dong Ha.”


“PAVN 130 mm artillery battery goes into action on the Kon Tum front.”

Easter Offensive

Dates: 30 March 1972 – October 1972

Area of Operation: I Corps provinces; Binh Long Province; Central Highlands

Allied Units: South Vietnamese military (ARVN, VNN, VNMC, VNAF), USAF, USN

Allied Casualties: ARVN 10000 KIA, 33000 WIA, 3500 MIA

Enemy Units: 14 NVA divisions

Enemy Casualties: Estimated up to 100,000 killed

Objective: To deal a decisive blow against South Vietnam with a three pronged attack. To force the US to peace negotiations that would result in favorable terms for North Vietnam.

Significance/Notes:

  • North Vietnamese troops used conventional warfare tactics on a level not previously seen in their fight to conquer South Vietnam. This included the use of T-54 tanks and other advanced weaponry from the Soviet Union and China. Large quantities of these tanks and the large-caliber artillery would be destroyed or captured.
  • Leaders in North Vietnam believed that the anti-war sentiment in the US would prevent Pres. Nixon from sending more American troops back into Vietnam. Ultimately they hoped it would force Nixon to negotiate peace with terms favorable to the DRV.
  • Nixon did retaliate militarily through the commencement of Operation Linebacker I, bombing North Vietnam, and also ordered the mining of Haiphong Harbor.
  • Due to the withdrawal of American forces, most units the NVA faced were ARVN units. Though ARVN units in the northern provinces were overrun, they held elsewhere with the aid of American airpower and military advisers.
  • Held more territory in South Vietnam than at any previous point. Though the blow had not been as devastating as intended and ARVN units held in many areas, the North Vietnamese leadership still considered the offensive to be successful and believed they now had a stronger position at the bargaining table.

Sources:

Further Reading:

ARVN soldiers, as photographed by a member of DASPO (Dept of the…

ARVN soldiers, as photographed by a member of DASPO (Dept of the Army Special Photographic Office), date and location unknown.

usnatarchivesexhibits: Corruption Constitutes Collapse,…

usnatarchivesexhibits:

Corruption Constitutes Collapse, 1972

There were many reasons why the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) struggled against North Vietnamese forces. However, in this telegram from the American Ambassador in Vietnam, Ellsworth Bunker, to the secretary of state, Bunker recounts what the South Vietnamese Vice President Tran Van Huong thought was the main problem: that internal corruption was an integral force destroying the power of South Vietnam.

Telegram from Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker Related to Corruption in South Vietnam

Learn more about “Remembering Vietnam.”

uss-edsall:New Zealand gunner in Saigon, Vietnam, being…

uss-edsall:

New Zealand gunner in Saigon, Vietnam, being presented a garland of flowers by a woman from the South Vietnamese Army, during an official welcome ceremony for the artillery unit. Photograph taken by an unidentified photographer for the Associated Press Limited, circa 5 August 1965.

Training ARVN airborne, date unknown.

Training ARVN airborne, date unknown.